Seller Alternatives to Foreclosure
So, your house is in foreclosure…Now what? You are not alone. Causes of mortgage defaults may include poor money management, over extended financial obligations, loss of income, loss of employment, divorce, long term illness or apathy toward financial obligations. Try to look at the situation without attaching your emotions. From a strictly business viewpoint, you can more successfully analyze which option might best suit your needs and desires and move toward resolving your financial difficulty. One very important thing to remember: Time is of the essence, so take quick action in order to allow your self enough time to complete the chosen process.
Do Nothing – If a homeowner does nothing, they most likely will lose their home at foreclosure auction. Loan applications generally ask if the applicant has ever been foreclosed upon. Credit reports also disclose this damaging information.
Talk to a Housing Counseling Agency – Obtain a useful list of Housing Urban Development (HUD)-approved housing counseling agencies at 1-800-569-4287 or visit http://www.hud.gov/offices/hsg/sfh/hcc/hccprof14.cfm
Converting your ARM to a Fixed Rate – Millions of adjustable rate mortgages that were initiated in 2004 and 2005 are adjusting at higher interest rates, causing increased mortgage payments that can significantly affect family budgets. Many lenders will convert homeowner rates to a fixed schedule.
Payoff/Refinance – Completely paying off the entire loan amount plus any default amount and fees. This is usually accomplished through a refinance of the debt. New debt is at a normally higher interest rate and there may be a prepayment penalty because of the recent default. With this option, there should be equity in the home.
Reinstatement – A lump sum payment by remitting the entire default amount plus interest, attorney fees, late fees and taxes. You can request an updated statement of total amount due to bring the loan current by contacting your lender.
Loan Modification – Utilizing the existing mortgage company to change the interest rate, add missed payments to the balance or extend the terms of the loan. This option can be successful for homeowners who are just recently back on financial track due to say, re-employment. The lender will require a substantial down payment toward the total arrearage and then divide the remaining balance over 12 to 18 months. These payments will be required in addition to the original payments on the note.
Forbearance – Lender may be able to arrange a repayment plan based on the homeowner’s financial situation. The lender may even be able to provide a temporary payment reduction or suspension of payments. Information will be required from the lender to show that you are able to meet the new payment plan requirements. Both loan modifications and special forbearance agreements are legal contracts so be sure you can meet the revised obligation or you can put yourself in jeopardy of renewed mortgage default proceedings.
Partial Claim – Offered on FHA loans of a second loan to include back payments, costs and fees.
Deed in Lieu of Foreclosure – Give the property back to the bank instead of the bank foreclosing. Banks generally require the home be well maintained, all mortgage payments and taxes must be current. Most loan applications ask if this has ever happened.